Eagle Hospitality Belief (EHT) IPO Evaluation

We’ve just a few US REITs that’s coming over to listing in Singapore. ARA Hospitality Belief was the primary one with lukewarm response.

And this time spherical now we have Eagle Hospitality Belief (EHT)

The previous is extra well-known to Singapore buyers since ARA was listed right here after which delisted. 

I believe SGX and DBS are actually actively courting these REITs from abroad to listing in Singapore and I’m not certain that is at all times a great factor. 

I shall not say an excessive amount of however do a fast take of this IPO. I’ve not a lot worth add for this text truthfully. 

Right here it goes. 

The Provide

A complete of 580 mil shares can be on supply535 mil can be out there for institutional and different funding within the placement tranche45 mil can be out there to retail investorsThe itemizing value to be US$zero.78Forecast Dividend Yield in 2019 (not full yr): eight.2%Forecast Dividend Yield in 2020: eight.Four%Half yearly distributionNAV US$zero.88 (situation value beneath ebook worth)

Within the grand scheme of issues the dividend yield, on this market seems very engaging. Majority of the hospitality REITs commerce at a dividend of lower than 6% (aside from OUE Hospitality, which goes to be merged with OUE Business). The hospitality REITs are additionally largely very geographical diversified, so you can’t say they’re Singapore centric. 

Do notice that for hospitality REITs, a portion of their rental revenue is mounted and a portion is variable. The variable part is linked to the income of the hospitality enterprise. 

And the hospitality enterprise is a perform of demand and provide, which tends to be unstable.

These which might be much less unstable have a better mounted part.

What this implies is that don’t anticipate the dividend per unit to be constant (until USA is a singular place).

The supervisor IPOed the REIT beneath ebook worth. This is likely to be taking steering from the lukewarm response for ARA Hospitality Belief

It seems like this weblog publish is likely to be too late. The IPO will shut on 22nd of Might. 

The Portfolio

18 inns valued at US$1.2 bil17 of 18 property are freehold assetsSponsor is City Commons LLCPredominately Full Service HotelsMajority of the portfolio have simply accomplished their renovation in 2018 to 2019Resorts cater to the Higher/Upscale segmentFranchise Manufacturers: IHG, Marriott and Hilton mainlyDebt to Asset: 37.7%All in curiosity price (together with hedging contracts): Four.2%Hedging to repair charge for 75% of excellent debtEach grasp lease have an preliminary time period of 20 years from itemizing date, with an excercisable choice to extend for an additional 14 years for properties in California and 20 years for all different properties

Payment Construction:

base charge of 10% Distributable Incomeperformance charge of 25% of the expansion in DPS over previous monetary yr x variety of shares situation

There are covenants to the debt:

complete indebtedness of EHT, EH-REIT, EH-BT and subsidiaries should be < 45% or < than the share restrict akin to max share of leverage of EH-REIT deposited propertytotal stapled group debt < 30% of the worth of EH-REIT deposited propertyall secured recourse indebtedness of group should be <5% of the value of the EH-REIT deposited propertyNTA of group must > 75% NTA at closing and > 75% of web money proceeds of publish closign fairness issuancesratio of adjusted EBITDA to mounted costs should < 1.5 to instances

Nothing out of the abnormal. I do assume that the administration did one spherical of capital expenditure in order to make it engaging to be bought to both non-public buyers, non-public fairness or an preliminary public providing.

By making use of the franchise manufacturers of Hilton, Marriott and IHG, they sought to pay the recurring charges to a joint advertising and marketing scheme, comply with the strict franchise requirements and leverage on the community impact of well-known hospitality model names.

The extent of leverage just isn’t too dangerous. The typical price of debt seems not low-cost and I believe that almost all of it was re-finance final yr when rate of interest reached Four.Four% for some financing (primarily based on my Manulife US REIT evaluation)

Help for the Belief

Howard Wu and Taylor Woods, who owned the Sponsor, which managed USHI Portfolio, will roll their fairness into Eagle Hospitality Belief and would personal at 15.2% stakeHoward Wu 7.6percentTaylor Woods 7.6percentSalvatore G Takoushian 1.2percentIf the REIT supervisor stop to be the REIT supervisor for EHT, they may lose the rights of first refusal for the properties by the Sponsor granted by Howard WuDBS Financial institution, Rich shoppers in DBS, Gold Pot Developments and Ji Qi will personal 16.7%Ji Qi is founder and government chairman of lodge chain Huazhu Group. He owns 37% of the lodge chain. Huazhu Group is listed on Nasdaq

The cornerstone buyers, along with Sponsors will kind about 32% of the REIT. That leaves fairly a good bit for the remainder. If a big portion is to be issued to the household places of work and institutional buyers, I’m wondering if the liquidity for this REIT can be good. 

Let me undergo a number of the slides that I discover extra attention-grabbing.

Some information on the Resorts

A complete bunch of properties are situated in California, New York and Utah/Colorado cluster.

The properties have lately underwent renovation works. Listed here are the small print. 

click on to see bigger desk

click on to see bigger desk

Inspecting the Efficiency Metrics and Outlook for the Trade

Since this can be a far more cyclical business, it is smart to see whether or not the sponsors are getting out on the proper time, and you’re getting in on the worst time.

However earlier than we go into the info, lets take a while to refresh some metrics.

Income per out there room (RevPar) = Lodge’s day by day room charge x occupancy

tells in case you are pricing your room charges completely. You’ll be able to value your rooms greater, with decrease occupancy, and your resultant RevPar is greater than in case your occupancy is 100%reminds you to not reduce costs. With out specializing in RevPar, you would possibly have interaction in value competitorsunits the baseline that your price shouldn’t exceed. In case your bills is greater than the RevPar that you just goal for, you is likely to be spending extra, in order to get to 100% occupancy. So benchmarking RevPar means that you can not blindly fulfill 100% occupancy

Common day by day charge (ADR) = Income earned / Variety of Rooms Offered

ADR ought to inform the efficiency of the rooms bought. It tells you whether or not you’ll be able to add worth versus the competitors. It tells you whether or not all the worth added stuff you’re including in corresponding to know-how, services are having a optimistic affect on the charges that you would be able to costReveals your effectivity in pricing. Handle the pricing of huge ticket occasions, seasonality, weekly fluctuationsBenchmark towards rivals’ ADR to know in case you are doing higher

Income Technology Index (RGI) = Lodge’s ReVPaR / Market RevPar

RGI = 1: lodge rev efficiency equal to averageRGI > 1: lodge rev performing higher than averageRGI < 1: lodge rev performing worse than common

The above slide is taken from EHT prospectus. It exhibits a really good rising development in RevPar because the monetary disaster for all segments. Higher Upscale rose at a better charge than all the remainder. 

The RevPar for economic system remains to be rising (maybe take notice for ARA Hospitality Belief) whereas the Higher Upscale, Upscale and Luxurious appear to be decelerating.

The information is quite restricted and I can’t discover for much longer time period information on the market. 

The above chart is taken from CBRE Lodge report for the New York area. Not at all is that this 100% reflective of the entire area however we will see the variability in ADR charges over the previous 20 years. Throughout numerous instances in historical past, occupancy charges are inclined to take a dip, along with ADR. 

Proper now occupancy have been doing properly these previous years.

On a long run chart the ADR do appeared to maintain tempo with the patron value index, which is rising over time. Proper now the ADR has far exceeded the CPI.

The illustration above exhibits the three yr ADR, Occupancy Charge , RevPar and RGI. ADR have been bettering over the three years, as do the occupancy charge from 2017 to 2018. This is likely to be because of the finish of AEI works in quite a lot of the lodge. 

Reasonably attention-grabbing is that the RGI for all three years is lower than 1, which signifies their RevPar to be lower than the market common.

Provide development for the complete service lodge section have been restricted as in comparison with the choose service (take notice ARA Hospitality Belief buyers)

For just a few inns, we see an enormous drop in occupancy charge in 2017. If we study the prospectus, most of them have justifiable causes on account of present process renovations and thus the occupancy was lowered.

Majority of those who underwent renovations, have their RevPar motion mirroring that of their occupancy charges. This would possibly present the shortage of potential for the lodge to lift costs within the face of decrease provide within the lodge. 

Lastly the ADR does present that majority of the inns have been capable of enhance their ADR over the three yr interval, indicating wholesome pricing energy.




An organization that has property working in USA is probably going the topic to 30% withholding taxes. From the prospectus, it appears that evidently I solely see taxes being paid within the revenue assertion in 2016. For the proforma one, it appear to point that the shareholders wouldn’t be subjected to withholding taxes. 

The above part explains the tax scenario. 

So as an alternative of Barbados (which is utilized by Keppel KBS and Manulife US REIT), Eagle Hospitality selected to make use of Cayman. If I’m proper Cayman have zero % company tax or revenue tax. You pay a licensing charge as an alternative. The Cayman entity will obtain a mortgage from Singapore entity. The Cayman entity will then lend the cash to the US entity and certain the US entity pays Portfolio Curiosity (prone to abide to the Portfolio Curiosity Rule (PIR). 

For them to boldly use a rustic with zero company tax, they should have been quite assured that they won’t violate the Part 163(j), which might then classify them as a hybrid entity. When you’re a hybrid entity, you can’t use curiosity expense to cut back your general taxable revenue. 

Their US construction just isn’t very flat as properly, as in comparison with Manulife, who needed to flatten their construction because of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act modifications.


There are some angles that I can’t go into however I do urge you to learn the completely different angles (significantly the superior ship Queen Mary!) by 2 of my pals:

Evaluate of Eagle Hospitality Belief IPO and The Queen MaryEagle Hospitality Belief IPO Evaluate

What is likely to be lacking from most of our evaluation is the pipeline and the historical past of the sponsor City Commons LLC and the folks that owned them. That is maybe the place you’d discover extra. 

Let me know you probably have discovered different angles about Eagle Hospitality Belief that I’ve not considered.

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