The UK has seen spectacular jobs progress in recent times, however our previous analysis means that we nonetheless lag behind main OECD nations in relation to measures of labour market efficiency for girls and older employees. In our newest analysis on this collection, we check out the UK’s relative efficiency on an index combining measures of youth employment, schooling and coaching.
In 2017, the UK NEET (not in employment, schooling or coaching) price for 20-24 yr olds was round 15%, greater than 5pp larger than that of Germany, the perfect EU performer on our index and second greatest throughout the OECD as a complete. We estimate that the UK might get pleasure from an financial enhance of round 1.9% of GDP (round £40 billion at present GDP values) if we might cut back our NEET price to German ranges.
We discover these points additional in our new analysis, from which I might spotlight 5 key findings:
The UK is beginning to transfer forward of the OECD common. The UK’s general index rating has improved, exceeding pre-crisis ranges, and moved up one place to 19th from final yr’s index. However regardless that the UK now sits above the OECD common, that is weighed down by some low performers and the UK continues to be solely in the course of the pack in contrast with different OECD nations, so there’s nonetheless appreciable scope to enhance to match the highest performers.
Japan makes important enhancements to hitch Switzerland and Germany as one of many prime three ranked nations on our youth employment index. The core European nations proceed to do properly, with Austria and Denmark additionally within the prime 5 performing nations. Japan has moved from fifth to third place, as a consequence of a pointy decline in its long-term youth unemployment price between 2016 and 2017.
Matching Germany NEET charges might enhance complete OECD GDP by round $1.2 trillion in the long term and improve UK GDP by round £40 billion. Germany has one of many lowest NEET charges in Europe at round 9%, in contrast with the OECD common of round 16% in 2017. As I discussed earlier than, by matching the NEET charges of 20-24 yr olds in Germany, the UK might improve its GDP by round 1.9%, or £40 billion at 2017 GDP values. The potential beneficial properties for nations with comparatively excessive NEET charges equivalent to Turkey and Italy could possibly be even better, at round eight% of GDP.
Frequent components shared by the highest performers in our index embrace high-quality instructional and vocational coaching programs and assist for the deprived. For instance, a powerful 98% of Japanese individuals aged beneath 25 have at the very least completed secondary schooling. Moreover, over 70% of younger individuals in Switzerland, and over 50% in Germany, take part in Vocational Training and Coaching of some kind, which permits them to select from a variety of employment alternatives. High performers in our index even have insurance policies to take care of their most susceptible younger individuals, equivalent to Japan’s improved provision of schooling to kids with particular wants. The UK has tried to encourage larger ranges of vocational coaching by means of the apprenticeship levy however suggestions from enterprise means that its effectiveness could possibly be improved. There’s extra to be accomplished to make schooling and coaching extra accessible to individuals (each younger and previous) throughout the UK.
Companies can do extra to assist profession improvement and entice and retain expertise. Individuals are interested in work for a wide range of causes, equivalent to studying and improvement alternatives, office range, company function and incentives different than simply primary pay (e.g. interest-free loans for journey tickets, non-public medical insurance coverage and extra flexibility on holidays and profession breaks). Employers can utilise these incentives to draw higher expertise of all ages and backgrounds into their companies and allow their staff to turn into extra expert and productive.
For additional particulars on our analysis, please learn this yr’s report right here. This evaluation enhances our different labour market and public coverage insights, together with our Golden Age Index on older employees and our Ladies in Work Index.